Blood Sugar Levels During
Pregnancy

September 16, 2008

By Susan M. Callahan, Associate Editor and Featured Columnist
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Uncontrolled blood sugar levels are dangerous to both your
health and the health of your unborn baby. The risk is
especially high in the first trimester, when your baby is
developing rapidly. During this stage, abnormally high blood
sugar levels increase the risk of miscarriage and birth defects.

According to a 2009 study of 23,000 women from 9 countries
led by Northwestern University and funded by the National
Institutes of Health, sugar levels high enough to qualify as
diabetic occurs in 5% of all pregnancies. Even slightly higher
than normal blood sugar levels puts the mother at significantly
higher risk for Ceasarean delivery, for preeclampsia, a
potentially fatal disease, and for shoulder dystocia, a condition
in which the baby's shoulder becomes in the mothers body,
preventing natural birth.

Babies born to diabetic mothers are also a far higher risk for
developing heart disease, diabetes and stroke later n life.
Babies born to women with high blood sugar also enter life a
higher, often unhealthy, birth weights.  Interestingly, women
with
high blood sugar levels give birth to babies with
abnormally
low blood sugar.

Why Your Blood Sugar Levels Change During Pregnancy

Your body's blood sugar levels are at risk for changing during
pregnancy, even if they were normal before you became
pregnant. The reason is that your baby makes demands on
your body's insulin response.  Your pregnancy increases the
amount of insulin your body must produce to maintain normal
blood sugar levels.

Recommended Blood Sugar Levels During Pregnancy

These are the recommended blood sugar levels during
pregnancy, according to the American Diabetic Association:
























Before meals (fasting levels)
70-100 mg/dl (3.9-5.6 mmol/l)
80-110 mg/dl (4.4-6.1 mmol/l)

2 hours after meals
Under 140 mg/dl (<7.8 mmol/l)
Under 155 mg/dl (<8.6 mmol/l)

Because it will be especially hard to maintain normal blood
sugar levels, it is key that you develop a strategy against high
blood sugar when you're pregnant. Here are some tips for
keeping blood sugar level during pregnancy:

1.
Take Daily Walks. Walking just 30 minutes lowers your blood
sugar. Walk at a moderate pace, and drink plenty of water
before hand.

2.
Eat Foods That Normalize Blood Sugar. Several foods have
been found to help in normalizing blood sugar. These so-called
"natural insulin foods" include chamomile tea and cinnamon.

3.
Avoid High-Carb Meals. Refined carbohydrates are converted
int sugar by your body. Avoid "white foods" such as white
bread, rice, potatoes and pasta. When you want to eat bread,
make it whole grain.




Find out more tips for healthy living and weight control:
High
Blood Pressure During Pregnancy-10 Natural Remedies /Lose
Belly Fat After the Baby / Ideal Breakfast for Diabetics /
Normal Fasting Blood Sugar /Foods That Normalize Blood Sugar


Sources:
The Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism

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Time of Day
Normal
Pre-Diabetic
Diabetic
Fasting
(before your
first meal and
8 hours since
your last
meal)
below 100
100-125
126 and more
Postprandial
(2 hours since
your last
meal)
up to 140
140 to 200
200 and more
Random
(at any time
of the day)
up to 140
140 to 200
200 and more
Chart of Normal PreDiabetic and Diabetic Blood Sugar Levels
Throughout The day


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